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The Definition and Research Method of Huixue Hits:284    Addtime:2019-08-19 18:59:25
The primary problem of Hui studies is what Hui studies are and the methods of Hui studies. Huizhou studies refers to the sum of ideas and theories with Huizhou characteristics, which take Huizhou society, economy, culture, ideology, art, science and technology, technology and so on as the research object. As a kind of "learning", Huixue is a kind of knowledge, theory and theory that can correctly and reasonably present the systematic knowledge of objective social, historical and realistic cultures. It is necessary to have reasonable and scientific methods to study Huixue. The degree of perfection of the research methods of Huixue reflects the maturity of the discipline in a sense.

The study of Huizhou can adopt the historical methods of evolutionism, Neo-Confucianism, sociology, functionalism, Hermeneutics and statistics. If Huizhou documents want to enter the network structure of Huizhou studies, they can be analyzed at three levels by means of logical structure: image analysis, real analysis and virtual analysis.

As a new subject, Huixue emerged only after 1980s. As a discipline, it is still in its infancy, and there are many problems to be solved and perfected. The first question is what Hui studies are and the methods of Hui studies.

Some scholars define Huizhou Studies as "a comprehensive discipline specializing in Huizhou History" and "local historiography taking Huizhou History and Culture as the research object". Some scholars also believe that Huizhou Studies is a new discipline which studies Huizhou History and Culture since the discovery of Huizhou documents. These definitions are reasonable to some extent, but they also have shortcomings: first, the research object is too narrow. Taking Huizhou as "Huizhou History and Culture" or "Local History" highlights its historical implications while ignoring many other disciplines such as philosophy, natural science, literature, art, craft, sociology, anthropology, economics, ethics and linguistics, which are important connotations of Huizhou. As far as Zhu Xi, the representative of Xin'an Neo-Confucianism, is concerned, he has repeatedly signed Xin'an in his works and considers himself a Xin'an man. Zhu Xi is a great philosopher, thinker and educator in the history of Chinese academy, who is a milestone in the development of Confucianism after Confucius. His theory of thought (Zhu Zixue for short) spread abroad. After the 13th century, it became the official ideology of Korea, Japan, Vietnam and other countries, and became a world-influential learning. Secondly, it defines Huizhou as a new discipline with Huizhou history and culture as its object. This definition only reveals the object of Huizhou studies, but does not reveal the essence, nature and characteristics of this object. Generally speaking, the object of study is presented and present, and the nature and nature of the object are hidden and absent. For example, what is Huixue? We can point to the history and culture of Huizhou and say that this is Huixue, but we do not go further to ask what Huixue is, that is, to reveal the essence, nature and characteristics of Huixue.

In my opinion, the so-called Huizhou Studies refers to the sum of a concept and theory with Huizhou characteristics, which takes Huizhou society, economy, culture, ideology, art, science and technology, technology and so on as the research object.

As a kind of "learning", Huixue is a kind of knowledge, theory and theory that can correctly and reasonably present the systematic knowledge of objective social, historical and realistic cultures. This kind of knowledge, theory and doctrine is not only a description of the plane representation of history and culture, but also a three-dimensional perspective of history and culture, that is, a kind of idea, theory and spirit revealed in the fact of the rationality of its historical reality. If we do not do this research, Huixue will not be called Huixue.

Huizhou studies must have the characteristics or characteristics of Huizhou. The characteristics and characteristics mentioned here refer to the essence and nature of Huixue, or the idea or spirit it embodies. The characteristics or characteristics of Huixue include: the view of righteousness and benefit, the view of both public and private, the view of nation and country, the view of honesty and credit, the view of talent of Jia and Hao Confucianism, the view of harmony and harmony of conflicts. This is the spiritual pillar and vitality of Huizhou's various undertakings, and also the basis for Huizhou's learning to move towards the whole country and the world.

It is necessary to have reasonable and scientific methods to study Huixue, and the degree of perfection of research methods reflects the maturity of the discipline in a sense. The innovation of a discipline theory is often guided by the innovation of methods. Without the innovation of methods, we can not break the old theoretical thinking method, the rational way of thinking and its framework, and fall into the old stereotype of "the law of ancestors can not be changed", and there can be no theoretical innovation. Therefore, the innovation of the research methods of Huizhou is the guarantee for the improvement of the research level of Huizhou and its going to the world.

The study of Huizhou can adopt the historical methods of evolutionism, psychology, sociology, functionalism, Hermeneutics and statistics. In 1981, I put forward the method of logical structure, which can also be used as a method of studying Huixue.

Huizhou has extensive and profound knowledge, involving various disciplines and interdisciplinary disciplines of natural science, social science and humanities. How to recognize and grasp the essence, nature and characteristics of Huixue is quite difficult. If the method is right, it will be solved easily. Otherwise, it will fall into the mist and become more confused. We do not deny that the fundamental reason why Huizhou Studies will become a new discipline is the discovery of a large number of Huizhou documents. Indeed, the discovery of Huizhou documents promoted the development of Huizhou studies. But it needs to be clear that Huizhou documents are not equal to Huizhou studies.

If Huizhou documents want to enter the network structure of Huizhou studies, they can be analyzed at three levels by means of logical structure: image analysis, real analysis and virtual analysis.

Image analysis refers to the imitation of the phenomena of the object or the description of the image of things, that is, image. Image analysis belongs to intuitive and intellectualized thinking in terms of thinking methods. People attach great importance to observation and direct experience. It takes perceptual materials as the concept of knowing through intuitive primary comparison, distinction, generalization and analogy. If we make an iconic analysis of Huizhou documents, we must first distinguish their authenticity, age, location of discovery, clan, family and people; secondly, we must analyze the categories of documents: land, property, taxation, commerce, clan, education, imperial examination, society, government, etc., in order to obtain a direct, empirical and perceptual experience of the documents. Recognize.

Real analysis refers to the essence or original state of things. It not only seeks this essence from something with fixed shape or something special, but also explores the reason and basis for existence of things in the internal relationship network of things. If we analyse the practicality of Huizhou documents, we should make rational and speculative analysis of Huizhou documents on the basis of iconicity analysis, go deep into the phenomena of Huizhou documents, reveal the hidden relations between people and nature, people and society, people and people, as well as the relations between production, class, ethics and clan. Relations, value relations and so on, and then reveal the nature, characteristics, functions of this kind of relationship, as well as the social value, function and influence of this kind of relationship; and further reveal the essence and truth of the overall organic structure of this kind of relationship. In this way, the essence of Huizhou documents was unraveled.

Finally, it is necessary to analyze the falsity of Huizhou documents. The so-called virtual analysis refers to the concealed and absent concept, abstraction and promotion of spirit embodied in various relationships revealed by the real analysis. It means that people's thinking is no longer limited to the essence or basis of things, but to reveal the internal relationship between image and real analysis, so as to form a certain overall structure.

The analysis of futility makes people's understanding of Huizhou documents go deep into the connection between Huizhou documents and the whole social rules and regulations, ideology, customs and habits, ethics and morals, psychological structure, mode of thinking and values at that time, and forms Huizhou studies with Huizhou characteristics, and then summarizes and condenses the ideas and spirits of Huizhou studies. And theory. In this way, we will have a clear understanding and grasp of the whole of Huixue.

Through the analysis of these three levels, Huizhou documents can really enter the network structure of Huizhou studies and become the important documents and basic engineering of Huizhou studies. In this sense, the innovation of Huizhou research methods is more important than the discovery of a new Huizhou document. It has more realistic significance and value for the development of Huizhou research and the development of a new situation of Huizhou research. Technology, science and technology, technology and so on as the research object, has the Huizhou characteristic one kind of idea and the theory summation.

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